Gwenaël Kerlidou considers the work of Roger Bissière.
Kerlidou writes: "With [Bissière's] disappearance, a whole chapter of Modernism, one that we could call the 'Primitive Paradigm,' came to a close. The end of the primitive model in Modern art also signaled the emergence of what would later be called the Postmodern. While, in the typical Modernist tradition, Bissière struggled to be ‘primitive,’ that is, to see with an innocent eye, the new business model — so to speak — would be that of artists as intellectuals, entrepreneurs, technological wizards, or any combination of the above. Second-degree meta-discourses and irony would soon replace first-degree sincerity, which after the ‘60s, was seen as mere empty posturing."